The causes and treatment of periodontal disease

By Montefiore Medical Center
March 15, 2021

Most patients who have visited the dentist or seen a commercial for oral healthcare products are familiar with gum disease. However, even though it is openly discussed, many patients are unaware of what causes it, what it can do to the smile, and how to effectively treat it. The dental team at Montefiore Medical Center is here to take the guesswork out of learning about this and other dental problems that can occur within the smile. Knowing more about this condition is one step you can take to prevent it!

What is periodontal disease?

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an infection that occurs in the oral cavity. It starts in the soft tissues and can spread throughout the mouth—and body—causing permanent, irreversible problems.

What causes periodontal disease?

This infection is caused by the formation of bacteria in the smile. Bacteria often resides on and between teeth, as well as on the gums, and can form an infection that spreads. Periodontal disease is often seen in patients who do not have good oral health habits at home between dental appointments. Patients with periodontal disease may also have cavities that have formed.

What can periodontal disease do to the smile?

Our team at Montefiore Medical Center encourages patients to take good care of their smile to avoid the development of periodontal disease. This is because it can damage the smile dramatically. Periodontal disease can result in the loss of gum tissue, bone, and teeth. The infection can also spread through to the rest of the body through the bloodstream, increasing a patient’s risk of strokes and heart attacks.

What treatments are available for patients diagnosed with periodontal disease?

In most situations, thorough cleanings such as scaling and root planing can be performed to remove bacteria throughout the smile and help bring the smile back to health. Patients might also take antibiotics to eliminate the infection as well.

Work with our dental team to keep your smile healthy

If you are interested in learning more about ways to keep the smile free from cavities or periodontal disease, contact Montefiore Medical Center today. Call (888) 700-6623 to request an appointment at one of our eleven convenient locations throughout the area and work directly with our team to achieve—and maintain—proper oral health and wellness.

Periodontal disease


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