The Three Types of Cavities

By Montefiore Medical Center
August 15, 2018

Routine Dental Care Bronx NYMany of us have gone to the dentist over the years to have a regular checkup and been told that thing we all dread hearing: you have a cavity. It’s certainly not fun to have to come back for another visit and leave the office still a little numb, especially when your summer plans are calling. But, you probably know that taking care of a cavity early can prevent more cavities, and even complications (like a root canal). Did you know that there are three types of cavities to contend with? Keep reading to learn all about the three types of cavities you should avoid.

Smooth Surface

These cavities, called smooth surface cavities because they occur on the smoothest parts of the teeth, are generally the least problematic. They occur when plaque is allowed to sit on the sides of the teeth for too long, and they are commonly found in between teeth. That being said, prevent them by brushing and flossing properly twice a day.

Pits and Fissures

Pits and fissures can be found in your molars, where they help you tear, chew, and grind up food. The little grooves in your back teeth not only help you break down food, but they can also inadvertently hold on to that food, or allow sugar from sweet drinks to settle there. Cavities here are harder to prevent, and can be quite painful. Brush carefully to clean each tooth and help prevent these cavities.


Cavities on the root of the tooth are the most problematic. They occur often when the root of the tooth is exposed due to aggressive brushing that encourages the gums to recede. The root of the tooth doesn’t have protective enamel, so cavities can spread faster than on other parts of the tooth. Be gentle when you brush: use toothbrushes with soft bristles and try brushing with your non-dominant hand to encourage yourself to brush softer.

If you have questions or concerns about cavities, call us today at (888) 700-6623 to set up a consultation. Prevention is best when it comes to cavities so let us educate you how best to avoid cavities in the future.

Dental Health Blog Post, Oral Health Blog Post


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