What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
Maintaining overall health and wellness is simple: eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and visit the doctor annually for physicals and screenings of common health concerns. However, not as many patients focus on their dental health in the same way they do their overall health. Some patients avoid routine dental examinations because of dental anxieties, while others only think of visiting the dentist when a problem arises. Preventative care is important, especially when it comes to keeping periodontal disease from developing.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease, sometimes referred to as “gum disease,” is a condition that can impact the health of the smile. Periodontal disease is actually an infection which starts in the soft gum tissues and then spreads to affect the soft tissues, bone, and natural teeth. The condition is completely preventable, though some patients do not visit their dentist for a diagnosis until serious problems arise. At this point, periodontal disease is often in the later stages.
What are the signs of periodontal disease?
The signs of periodontal diseases will depend greatly on the stage at which the condition has reached. The earlier stages may have more subtle signs and symptoms, including:
- Bleeding when brushing and/or flossing
- Sore or red, inflamed gum tissues
- Persistent bad breath or “halitosis”
These symptoms are often present during the earlier stages of periodontal disease, specifically “gingivitis.” The signs above are indicative that periodontal disease is developing and should not be ignored. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat. Patients who leave the condition untreated will then notice the later symptoms of periodontal disease, known as “periodontitis:”
- Shrinking gum tissue
- Shrinking bone of the jaw
- Loose or lost teeth
Once the condition has reached this stage, the smile will require extensive treatments to repair the damage caused by the disease. Patients at this point will need to work closely with their dentist to obtain quality care and help restore the smile’s appearance and health.
Montefiore Medical Center offer preventative dental care
Patients who are interested in obtaining quality care and maintain their oral health are encouraged to participate in preventative care to avoid the development of periodontal disease. Our practice can be reached at (888) 700-6623 and is available to assist patients with routine dental solutions.